Nepal : An Overview

Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a landlocked sovereign state located in South Asia. With about 27 million population made up of over 61 ethnic groups living in different regions speaking 70 languages and dialects, Nepal is the world’s 93rd largest country by land mass with area of 147,181 square kilometer. It is located in the Himalayan range with 8 of the world’s tallest mountains including Mt. Everest and bordered to the north by the People’s Republic of China, and to the south, east and west by the Republic of India. Hinduism is the major religion and is practiced by over 81.3% of the population. The birthplace of Buddha, about 16% of the population practice Buddhism. A small minority of Nepalese adheres to Islam and Christianity.
Agriculture remains Nepal’s principal economic activity, employing 70% of the population and providing 38% of GDP. Only about 20% of the total area is cultivable; another 33% is forested; most of the rest is mountainous. Industry sector by 15.3% and service sector by 46.6% constitutes GDP of Nepal as of 2012 estimate. While the remittance growth slowed to 11% in 2010/11 it has since increased to 37%, equivalent to 25%-30% of GDP.  The export-oriented carpet and garment industries have grown rapidly in recent years and together now account for approximately 70% of merchandise exports.

Area 147181 Sq. Km.
Geography Situated between China in the North and India in the South, East and West
Length 885 Km. [East to West]
Width Non-uniform, Mean width of 193 Km. [North to South]
Altitude 70 meters to 8848 meters
Capital City Kathmandu
Language Nepali
Currency Nepalese Rupee
Religion Secular State
Fiscal Year Nepalese Fiscal Year starts from Mid July
Political System Constituent Assembly (Republic)
National Bird Impean Pheasant (Danfe)
National Flower Rhododendron Arboreum (Lali Gurans)
Latitude 26022’N to 30027′ North
Longitude 80004’E to 88012′ East
Main industries:  Tourism, garment, food and beverages, metal manufactures, herbs, Carpet, Pashmina, Tea, Leather
Main exports:  Carpets, clothing, leather goods, jute goods, grain, herbs, tea, coffee, steel, cement, business processing outsourcing, furniture, cardamoms
Main imports: petroleum products, gold, machinery, Medicine

Ecologically and Administrative Division

Ecologically the country is divided into three regions the Mountains, the Hills & the Terai . The Mountain area lies at an altitude ranging from 4877 meters to 8848 meters above the sea level. It constitutes the 15% total area of Nepal. Most of the high snow capped mountains including world’s highest peak Mt. Everest are located in this region. The Hills the middle region that covers the 64% of total area lies between the altitude ranging between 610 meters and 4877 meters above the sea level. This region has numerous attractive valleys, basins, lakes and hills. The Terai region that is low flat land situated along the southern side of the country. Most of the fertile lands and dense forest area of the country are located in these regions. This region covers 17.1% areas of the country.
The country is administratively divided into 5 Development Regions, (Eastern Regioan, Central Region, Western Region, Midwestern Region and Far Western Region) 14 Zones and 75 Districts.
The climate of the country varies with its topography. The climate ranges from tropical to arctic varying with the altitude. The Himalayan Mountain region with an altitude above 3353 meter has alpine climate with considerably low temperature in winter season. The mid land region are pleasant all the year. The Terai region has hot humid climate. Nepal has four seasons that are Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter.


Male    :           12927431

Female :           13693378

Total    :           26620809


Public Holidays

  • Every Saturday
  • New Year’s day
  • Loktantra Day
  • Labor Day
  • Buddha Jayanti
  • Republic Day
  • Rakshya Bandhan
  • Gai Jatra (Only for Kathmandu Valley)
  • Krishnastami
  • Teej (Only for Female)
  • Rishipanchami (Only for Female)
  • Gaura Parba
  • Indra Jatra (Only for Kathmandu Valley)
  • Gatasthapana
  • Dashain Festival
  • Kojagrat Purnima
  • Tihal Festival
  • Chhath Parba
  • Udhyauli Parba
  • Christmas Day
  • Tamu Lhosar
  • Maghi Sakranti
  • Sonal Lhosar
  • Martyrs Memorial Day
  • Mahashivaratri
  • National Democracy Day
  • Holi
  • International Women’s Day
  • Ghode Jatra (Only for Kathmandu Valley)
  • Ram Nawami
Officially Working Hour

10.00 A.M. to 5.00 P.M.
International Airport
Tribhuvan International Airport

National Airlines:
Royal Nepal Airlines
Janakpur – Jayanagar Railway.
Country Code Number

STD Code Numbers 

Arghakhachi 077 Baglung 068 Dhankuta 020
Tanahu 065 Sunsari 025 Sarlahi 046
Banke 081 Palpa 075 Baitadi 095
Doti 094 Dipayal 094 Myagdi 069
Nawalparasi 078 Kavre 011 Kaski 061
Lamjung 066 Jhapa 023 Bardiya 084
Dang 082 Saptari 031 Rupandehi 071
Ramechap 047 Lalitpur 01 Bhaktapur 01
Kathmandu 01 Gulmi 079 Simara 053
Makawanpur 057 Chitwan 056 Sindhuli 047
Morang 021 Ilam 027 Surkhet 087
Parsa 051 Syangja 063 Dhanusha 041
Kapilbastu 076 Dolkha 049 Dadeldhura 096
Nuwakot) 010 Bara 053 Dhading 010
Kailali 091 Parbat 067 Darchula 093
Gorkha 064